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Single-cell RNA sequencing is a powerful tool for characterizing the whole transcriptome of cell populations. We provide end-to-end single-cell gene expression services, from cell preparation to bioinformatics analysis.
Your cell source and tissue type will determine whether gene expression libraries should be made from single-cell or single-nuclei suspensions.
Most cell culture samples can be effectively dissociated to single cells for scRNAseq and shipped to us as cryopreserved frozen cells.
In many cases, fresh tissue can be dissociated to single cells. We use the Miltenyi GentleMACS Octo tissue dissociator for that purpose which can improve the yield and quality of dissociated cells. In general, frozen tissues are difficult to dissociate to single cells without significant cell loss or RNA degradation, whereas nuclei can be obtained from most fresh frozen tissues. For this reason we recommend single nuclei RNAseq from frozen tissue samples. While nuclei can be obtained from FFPE tissue blocks, a validated protocol for single-nuclei RNA sequencing (snRNA-seq) on the 10X Chromium platform has not yet been established.
Single-nuclei RNAseq detects fewer genes compared to single-cell RNAseq due to the lower mRNA content in nuclei, but this effect is modest and sample-dependent. Most studies show snRNA-seq captures gene expression largely comparable to scRNA-seq. At 3DG, we have performed successful nuclei isolation from multiple tissues.
The quality of your single-cell suspension is the most important factor in acquiring high-quality sequencing libraries for single-cell gene expression. If cell viability is low, we can perform a dead cell removal kit to enrich for living cells. Viability above 90% is a good number for obtaining high quality sequencing libraries. If samples have a lower viability, dead cell removal can be used to improve accuracy in target cell count, increase library complexity, and decrease the percentage of mitochondrial genes in the final libraries.
10X Genomics provides several options for generating the best gene expression libraries for your tissue. In addition to the standard whole-transcriptome approach, you may also consider additional single-cell options:
We've completed dozens of complex RNA sequencing projects over the last few years making us highly qualified to tackle the unique conditions of your science.
Tissue samples or single-cell suspensions
Source: 10X Genomics